Notches Back to School Special: Introducing Students to the History of Sexuality


the tasks necessary to get students to think historically about sexuality: defining sexuality and advancing the idea that sexuality is socially constructed; reading primary and archival sources critically; cultivating a personal investment in the subject matter while moving beyond autobiographical analysis of sexuality; and emphasizing that sexuality is intersectional (that it cannot be examined separately from other categories of identity, social structures, and systems of meaning).

Originally posted on NOTCHES:

By Gillian Frank

Learning new names, establishing expectations, reviewing the syllabus, and exciting students about course materials are among the many challenges professors face on the first day of class. Those who teach history of sexuality classes face additional hurdles. Many students carry with them fundamental assumptions about sexuality. Often, they think of sexuality as natural and unchanging, comprising behaviors that have no history. At the same time, they have been enculturated to have a curiosity about sex and sexuality and to talk about them, often in personal ways.

vassar students

A few weeks ago, Notches asked its readers who teach history of sexuality courses what strategies they use to introduce students to the field. The responses, posted below, detail some of the tasks necessary to get students to think historically about sexuality: defining sexuality and advancing the idea that sexuality is socially constructed; reading primary and archival sources critically; cultivating a personal investment in the subject matter while moving beyond autobiographical analysis of sexuality; and…

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Migraine Fears


HA! 1870年「偏頭痛」才第一次在英語世界裡誕生,而且接下來二三十年,醫生們在當時的醫療期刊上,只在乎自己的偏頭痛與男人的偏頭痛,完全不在乎女性的!

Originally posted on REMEDIA:

By Katherine Foxhall

All the fascinating discussions of emotion on REMEDIA – particularly Danielle Ofri’s recent reflection ‘On the Raw Fear of Being a Patient’ – made me think about the role of fear in the history of illness. It occurred to me that I’ve come across fear in a number of contexts while researching the history of migraine – fear as a cause, as a symptom and as a consequence of this condition.

In 1870, Hubert Airy wrote about seeing a person afflicted by attacks of ‘hemiopsy’ – zigzag patterns affecting eyesight, now commonly known as migraine aura – ‘turn away in horror from a drawing of the ugly sight, quite content to bear serious illness “if only the ‘half-blindness’ would keep away”.’[i]


Hubert Airy, Plate XXV ‘Stages of Teichopsia’ from ‘On a distinct form of transient hemiopsia’, Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society of London 160 (1870).


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Jenny Marx, who gave up aristocracy to spread Marx’s revolutionary thoughts

5 Fascinating Facts About Karl Marx’s Wife

The woman behind the man who made a huge impact.
Love and Capital

If Karl Marx hadn’t died in 1883, we can suppose he’d be used to being misunderstood and demonized by now. His story and his ideas are certainly more complex than many of us realize.Love and Capital: Karl and Jenny Marx and the Birth of a Revolution reads like a novel. Mary Gabriel, a journalist, editor, and biographer, took eight years to research it. The focus is on relationships. Karl had a very loyal wife, and a devoted family. It was, after all, Marx’s family’s urgent needs that motivated him to complete his books, including the most famous, Das Kapital. Often, though, the same boisterous needy family contributed to the philosopher’s lengthy writing blocks.

Economics, politics, revolution, and the pros and cons of capitalism don’t overwhelm the human side of Gabriel’s narrative, even though the Marx family, as Gabriel writes, “ate, slept, and breathed political, social, and economic revolution.” Much of the material comes from letters by the principal players, which makes for a humanized group portrait.


1. Jenny was born into an aristocratic family that didn’t approve of Marx. They were engaged for seven years, much of the time maintaining a long-distance relationship while Marx traveled and studied, before they married when she was 29 (he was 25). Karl brought 45 books on their lengthy honeymoon.

2. Jenny bore seven children. Of those, only three daughters survived, and two of them later committed suicide.

3. She stayed with Marx even after he fathered a child with the woman who helped care for their children and lived with them for many years.

4. Jenny and Karl, who were often poverty-stricken political refugees, moved frequently from city to city and country to country, starting over repeatedly with almost nothing.

5. She copied out all his articles and book manuscripts by hand, even when she was ill and despairing, until her eldest daughter took over.

These few facts barely begin to scratch the surface of Gabriel’s findings. Marx’s alter ego, Friedrich Engels, too, comes to the fore in the book. He was Marx’s lifelong writing and thinking partner, as well as a crucial part of his financial support. Engels, who had the same anti-capitalist ideals as Marx, worked for his father’s company in order to have a steady income so he could help “the cause.”

Love and Capital contains a comprehensive list of characters, not that you need to fix each secondary character in mind to find the story compelling. There’s also a “political timeline” so you can place the Marx family in a historical context.

Copyright (2012) by Susan K. Perry

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It’s never Secularism vs. Islamism, but Western media like to portray it that way


My interlocutors in the social world of Islamic media who supported the call for Morsi to step down are not “secular liberal elites” as most accounts would have it. To the contrary: they explicitly believe that secularism cannot be legitimately justified or reasoned from within an Islamic frame. This is because, for them, Islam guides and makes normative claims on every aspect of human life, including political life. They were not against the Muslim Brotherhood because of its similar commitment to the “comprehensiveness” (shumuliyyat) of Islam, but because they perceived organization as arrogant and incompetent, nepotistic and exclusionary. That the Brotherhood claimed to be acting in the name of religion while behaving badly made its actions much worse, but their support for Sisi’s removal of Morsi in no way hinged on seeing the military as a bastion of secularism.


These sentiments illustrate the fact that some Egyptians do not see the Brotherhood’s Islamism and secularism as the only two options available to them in organized political life.

posted by Yasmin Moll

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Berlin Mayor Election’s Cultural Racism: Raed Saleh’s “Grammatical Errors”


What you hear is never OBJECTIVE and OUT THERE.
Raed Saleh could be the next mayor of Berlin. Many journalists only care that he does not speak proper German, not what his policies will be if elected.!145007/

欺人太甚的德國主流媒體!社會民主黨推出的柏林市長候選人為巴勒斯坦裔的Raed Saleh,只因為自己是移民的後代,就被各家媒體說是「不會使用正確的德語」,所有的相關新聞只聚焦在他「有腔調」、「口誤」、「詞性錯誤」或「冠名 詞」錯誤上,完全不管他的政見內容為何。本篇報導,清楚地整理出所有候選人辯論時與政治脫口秀的逐字稿,證明Raed Saleh的德文文法犯錯機率,還比其他「正統德國人」少!


歐洲猖狂的極右派種族主義竟然發展成這樣了。!!!!!European FAR RIGHT ALERT!!!!

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