Nastiness Diagnosis. Anthropology. Religion. Gender. Justice. A Personal Notepad For the General Public.
Q1: Is “the limits of the state ideology” or “way of transmission” discussed? (where is the micro?)
Q2: Is it appropriate to use Mead(1934)’s symbolic interactionism to account for power structures (as assumed in the book p31)?
Q3: What are other forms of power overlooked in this intersection of state ideology/gender ideology/media narrative analysis?
Chapter 2 Gender/ narratives in Speaking through Silence, Laine Berman
This chapter’s stance and basic assumptions are in line with the collection of essays: Fantasizing the Feminine in Indonesia. (also see Balckburn 1994; Sullivan 1994; Suryakusuma 1996; Wolf 1996)
Regarding the existence of the official guidelines for state policy describe the role of women in the development of a modern Indonesia, or panca dharma wanita”
a. as a wife and associate of her husband;
b. as the educator and cultivator of the younger generaton
c. as the controller/regulator of the household
d. as a worker who adds to the family’s income
e. as a member of community organizations, specifically women’s org andff social organizations
the conclusion was jumped to : “It maintains a cheap underclass, while it not only commands women to serve their men, children, community, and state but also expects them to do so freely and whtout expectations of prestige of power (Suryakusuma 1996:101-02)
“PKK is the most successful ..are hierarchically structured and based on a philosophy that sees women as unenlightened adjunts to national programs. (p31)
Q1: According to my fieldwork, PKK in fact work with RT RW councils and has a class dimension, and in its own place situates many other social dynamism other than merely reflecting the state ideology.
Deborah Cameron’s study The Feminist Critique of Language is well cited in the chapter.
She shows that the narrative conventions on the report journalism about rape. Although the news is about the rape, the experience of the victim’s husband is in the place of the subject. The woman is simply an object. Using the same tools the author examines the local news about rape in Indonesia, and discovered a lot of “blame the victim” assumptions in the lines.
The letters confessed by the rape victims reveal the shame of the victims that involves an awakened sexuality due to the socialization processes that places value on the pure women. So even though they are the victims, they choose to be silent and accept that “they are destroyed” instead of looking for justice.
“Not only have women’s and men’s “natural” roles been put to god use by state development planners an policy makers in Indo, but also they have been accepted without question.”
“redefining moder contexts through so-called traditional symbols is a major ideological tool used by the state to penetrate community life and harness its vast human resources for the achievement of political goals (Norma Sullivan 1994: 140; also see Pemberton 1989)