Nastiness Diagnosis. Anthropology. Religion. Gender. Justice. A Personal Notepad For the General Public.
Salatiga is a small city situated 40 km south of Semarang, the provincial capital and primary harbor of Central Java. One-hour drive to the south lies Solo and two hours towards the south-southwest lies Yogyakarta, if without weekend traffic jam. As a meeting point of the three cities, the city is identified as “Joglosemar.” Thanks to Salatiga’s relatively high altitude (584m/1,916 feet) the climate is uniquely benign compared to these bigger cities. At the foot of Mount Merbabu, Salatiga is surrounded by hilly terrain with only ten percent of its land (60 square kms) being level.
Due to its geographical feature and strategic value, halfway between Semarang port and Solo sultanate, Salatiga was chosen and developed by the Dutch colonials for military purposes and agricultural needs. As early as in the 19th century Salatiga found itself situating a VOC(United East Indian Company)-based fort, a garrisoned detachment, resorts, functioning as a center of coffee and rubber plantations, and locating more than 2000 Dutch men towards the end of the 19th century. Until today, the town is still a fertile region, covered with plantations of rubber, coffee, and rice fields stretching before the peaks of a chain of dormant volcanic mountains, Merbabu and Telomoyo. Uphill and downhill terrains enrich the landscape
Among Central Javanese cities, Salatiga has the highest average annual rainfall of 3,990 mm with 195 rainy days. During the rainy season, floods might occur because the drainage system could not process the ever-rising water especially when it has been long silted up by piles and piles of dumped garbage.
[the air pollution during musim kemalau is serious; whereas in rainy season the brick-paved sidewalks become extremely slippery]
Administratively Salatiga consists of four kecamatan (districts) and 22 kelurahan (villages). Districts include Kecamatan Sidorejo, Kecamatan Tingkir, Kecamatan Sidomukti, as well as Kecamatan Argomulyo. Villages comprises Kelurahan Noborejo, Cebongan, Randuacir, Ledok, Tegalrejo, Kumpulrejo, Tingkir Tengah, Tingkir Lor, Kalibening, Sidorejo Kidul, Kutowinangun, Gendongan, Kecandran, Dukuh, Mangunsari, Kalicacing, Pulutan Blotongan, Sidorejo Lor, Salatiga, Bugel, and Kauman Kidul.
Salatiga’s economy, like that of many small towns in Java, heavily relies on agriculture that has gone through ups and downs since Independence. Salatiga still remains a trade center of rice, maize, rubber, cassava, coffee, cacao, and cinchona. Recently there has been significant industrial development, especially in textile production.
From dawn until early afternoon the main produce market, Pasar Raya, is a bustling center for the sale of fruits and vegetables, meat and fish as well as clothes, medicines, hardware, and batik. The main street, Jalan Jenderal Sudirman, is packed with a wide range of shops of regular manufactured goods, clothes, pharmaceuticals, electronics, batik, stationery, Indonesian and Western music cassettes, to gold jewellery shops.