Nastiness Diagnosis. Anthropology. Religion. Gender. Justice. A Personal Notepad For the General Public.
Do you think that khul‘ is a contributing factor to Egypt’s rising divorce rate?
NS: According to Cuno, whom I make reference to in my book, the divorce rate in Egypt is declining. While it was very high at the beginning of the 20th century (around 50%), it has declined steadily towards a percentage of less than 20% at the end of the 20th century. I believe that the increased stigmatization attached to divorce as well as the enhanced importance attached to the nuclear family has contributed to the declining divorce rate. It does not mean that marital relationships have necessarily improved but rather that both the financial and non-financial costs of divorce are higher than in the past and for this reason, I do not think khul‘ will cause Egyptian divorce rates to suddenly skyrocket.
Remember the article of From Concubines to Capitalist, how a European Christian slave became a rich Muslim widow in Cairo through concubinage and waqf after 3 marriages in the 18th century.
Egyptian divorce rates were so high at the beginning of the 20th century, like the 1950s in Indonesia.
Egyptian minorities such as Christians often converted to Islam or another Christian denominations in order to facilitate their request of divorces. Divorce is not allowed in some churches. (see Sezgin 2010)