mysophobia 潔癖

Nastiness Diagnosis. Anthropology. Religion. Gender. Justice. A Personal Notepad For the General Public.

冤獄。虐型。Bail Fund: 保釋金基金,其實就是保釋金高利貸

Kalief Browder, in July, 2014.

2012年到2015年,你做了些什麼?Kalief什麼也沒做,被困在紐約市的Rikers Island的監獄里。Kalief是一位16歲的非裔少年,因為被控搶劫了一個背包而入獄。他始終否認犯過這樣的罪行。他苦等了三年也沒有等到他的審判,期間有兩年是被關在獨居牢獄裡不見天日。中間他曾經被警衛毒打、餓肚子,被其他人圍毆,搞得精神異常,多次嘗試自殺。他被送出獄後,每天都走去上高中同等學歷的課程GED,要走一個小時。他的親戚說,每天早上都看到他在做功課。

但是沒多久,他還是承受不了。六月初,Kalief自殺身亡。

http://www.newyorker.com/news/news-desk/kalief-browder-1993-2015

美國有錢人被控謀殺還是可以繳幾千萬元後保釋出獄,但將近四成的牢獄犯卻因為付不出保釋金才認罪坐牢,其中許多不是謀殺犯也不是極度危險罪犯。然後美國人 發明出保釋金高利貸,專門借貸給付不出錢的輕度罪犯(有的根本沒犯罪,最後被迫認罪)。然後借了保釋金高利貸後你只是到審判之前可以自由,之後還是可能被 定罪,同時欠了一屁股債。然後高利貸公司還可以合法入侵你家騷擾你。結果:窮人小罪犯就被這種超爛制度一輩子吃垮。
不幸中的大幸是,五年前整個美國司法系統(從挑少數族裔抓人到強逼人認罪到窮人付不出保釋金)的問題都還沒有像今日如此主流化。七零年代就有學者指出這些 問題,但長期一來這是只有學者會關注的議題。多虧了近年Ferguson一系列大量人民上街頭奮鬥引來更多關注。這些問題早該被解決了。
Just 5 years ago I was so worried that nobody except intellectuals, sociologists and anthropologists really talks about the “prison is the new slavery” in the US justice system. I am glad that, after infinite sorrow over recent years, at least people beyond academics are actually talking about these things in a large scale. Ferguson is not about a specific case of Michael Brown. It’s a long-awaited calling against the new slavery– except it’s not new but decades-long. This is not specifically about Ferguson. But perhaps Ferguson helped mobilize people to start to take these things seriously and actually talk about them.

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This entry was posted on June 27, 2015 by in 雜Variety and tagged .
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